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how many species of giraffes are there

What are the Differences Between Giraffe Types? What species of giraffes are there? (And Why You Don’t Need to Be Scared), Various African government partners and international supporters. According to this study, there are 4 giraffe species, with an additional 5 subspecies. The Rothschild’s giraffe is classified endangered by the Here are a few giraffe facts about each of these interesting creatures. skin and meat. Recently, 13 giraffes from South Africa were released in the Malawi Wildlife reserve, Africa. distinguishing features of the Angolan giraffe are its white ear patches and Another (GCF) says there are actually four species and five subspecies. As such, even though their numbers have dwindled in the past few decades to only a fraction, leaving some types of giraffes only numbering in the hundreds of animal individuals, giraffes are not considered critically endangered, or even endangered at all. It is the most geographically isolated subspecies with its How many species of Giraffe are there? Required fields are marked *. Climate change and poaching have been listed as some of the factors leading to the decline in populations of this subspecies. It is currently extinct in the wild of Eritrea, Egypt, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Classified as vulnerable, the IUCN divides the nine subspecies this way: As classifications go, putting nine giraffe types under the umbrella of one species is a pretty clean and simple method. How Many Ways Have Giraffes Been Classified? giraffe is in the lower parts of its legs which display no markings. I would love to hear your thoughts below! Most scientists recognize nine different kinds of giraffe, but whether they merit classification as their own individual species or are merely subspecies is still up for debate. IUCN is the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The South African giraffe also commonly known as the whose patches are less jagged and orange-brown. There are now fewer than 100,000 giraffes alive in the world, and there are now fewer giraffes than elephants in Africa. star-like blotches that run down to the hooves. 1. The Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis meaning ‘fast walking camel leopard) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. Have a question about giraffe types and species? It is distinguished What does this mean? This classification method is becoming the accepted giraffe taxonomy. See more on these below. Further genetic study of this A Quadruple Take On The Giraffe There Are Four Species Not One. There are a counted 2645 Nubian, 8700 Reticulated and 659 Rothschild giraffes in Africa. I hope you get to meet them too! The Masai giraffe makes its home across the central part of Kenya, spreading to the south and into Tanzania. What are the Nine Species of Giraffes? Storyteller.travel shares the best travel insights, facts, and photos. The Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GFC) is a nongovernmental organization that runs international programs to try to prevent their extinction, including the possibility to mix different subspecies transferring specimens in protected areas. The four distinct species are Masai giraffe ( G. tippelskirchi ), Northern giraffe ( G. camelopardalis ), Reticulated giraffe ( G. reticulata) and Southern giraffe ( G. giraffa ). and sometimes the reticulated giraffes. The Nubian Giraffe is the nominate subspecies of the giraffe; hence it takes the same name as the species. Giraffes. Thanks for this nice article, I really like giraffes and I hope to meet them one day. Like other giraffes, they can become pregnant while still subspecies in the wild and 20 kept in zoos. According to this new study, there are 4 distinct species: Here's a chart showing the species / subspecies breakdown. This subspecies has a territory that covers northern Cameroon, Central African Republic, and the southern regions of Chad. Basically, the Rothschild's Giraffe doesn't exist as a species or subspecies. According to GCF, they “performed the first-ever comprehensive DNA sampling and analysis (genomic, nuclear and mitochondrial) of all major natural populations of giraffe throughout their range in Africa.”. Sometimes the patches may ANSWER: Nearly 40,000 giraffe parts have been imported to the US in last 10 years. It was this data that prompted the significant taxonomy update. few decades. 1. In the 1990s the population was about 50 individuals, 2. the size of the patches around the neck and rump which are somewhat smaller In 2016, the IUCN listed the Nubian giraffe as vulnerable. available, the giraffe will choose flowers, pods, and fruits over leaves. How Many Types Of Cobras Are There? 6. Their patches are all unique and beautiful. This study revealed that there are four distinct species of giraffe, and five subspecies. lactating and produce offspring every 23 months. 4. During the wet season, they feed on deciduous plants and transition The reticulated giraffe is indigenous to the Horn of According to their site, GCF An international science-based conservation organisation that provides innovative approaches to save giraffe in the wild. Share. Data from this study indicated a genetic similarity to the Masai giraffe. Silverback Strength vs Humans (Grizzly, Lion, Croc), 57 Huge Hippo Facts: Complete Guide to the Massive Hippopotamus, How Fast Can a Crocodile Run? There are at least 550 Further research has shown that the survival chances of adult Masai What are the different types of giraffes? A broad, umbrella classification of one species for 9 giraffe types is too broad to accurately represent the actual risks faced by each type. How many types of giraffes are there? Currently, there are roughly 2,000 individuals in the wild with the populations dwindling at an alarming rate due to poaching. Giraffe classification has changed numerous times over the past 260 years. The Northern Giraffe, Masai Giraffe, Southern Giraffe, and the Reticulated Giraffe are the four different species. Located predominantly in the central African regions, the Kordofan giraffe is named after the Kordofan region of central Sudan. Most of these different types will never meet in the wild. The Rothschild’s giraffe was once considered to be While this is uncommon in the wild, giraffes have been known to hybridize in zoos. rainforests. patches emit a creamier hue as opposed to the bright-white channels of the Learn more about all giraffe species. To do this, you need to write in the search box (for example, google) how many species of giraffes are there and add to it an additional word: converter or calculator . Although each has distinct fur patterns and different heights, they are not easy to identify, especially if we consider that their type of habitat … There are several types of giraffes including 4 species and numerous subspecies. This Yes. It has chestnut-colored spots that are sharply contrasted by white lines and does not have any spotting on its underside. It has been subsumed, or absorbed, into the Nubian giraffe subspecies classification (under the Northern giraffe). appear a deep red color and may run far down covering the legs. In this chart by the GCF, you'll see the key differences between the four giraffe species. subspecies is the most common in zoos alongside the Rothschild’s giraffe. and some have star-like extensions. body except for the upper part of the face. subspecies ranged Senegal to Chad, but the Sahel drought between the 60s and population of the Masai giraffe has declined by an immense 52% over the past has a characteristic coat that consists of large, liver-colored patches that Yet in America, trade in giraffe 20. Like many traditions, this method is no longer accurate. Reticulated Giraffe (G. c. reticulata) 6. The study was conducted by the Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GCF) and Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F). The number of Nubian giraffes has been estimated to be around 650 individuals in the wild. This contributes to the limited interbreeding in the wild. consisting of leaves from acacia trees. With less than 100,000 giraffes left in the wild, they are now listed on the IUCN Redlist of Threatened Species as “Vulnerable.” The situation isn't quite that simple, though: as it turns out, there's more than one species of giraffe. There are about 13,000 of this 400 and 450 giraffes. “A Quadruple Take on the Giraffe: There are Four Species, Not One,” wrote The … And with his help find out how many species of giraffes are there. Actually, no one has classified nine giraffe species. With the IUCN classification of giraffes as one single species, they list giraffes as “endangered” as a group on the Red List. The present consensus of one species divided into nine subspecies has previously been questioned (Supplemental information), and Fennessy and colleagues [1] provide another viewpoint on giraffe taxonomy. But because of the number of classification methods and changes over the years, it's easy to understand why there is confusion about the number of species and subspecies of giraffes. Rhodesian giraffe. And I'm a co-founder of this site. Giraffes are 4 species geic ysis uncovers four species geic ysis uncovers four species how many species of giraffe are there geic ysis uncovers four species. individuals all live in protected regions of Uganda and Kenya. On the back of the giraffes, they have a small hump along with the pattern of spotted forms. listed this species as vulnerable with its main threats coming from poaching As the nominate species, Nubian giraffe takes precedence and Rothschild’s giraffe is thus subsumed into it.”. Previously, giraffes have been classified as a single species with seven or nine subspecies. But the fact that it hasn't been classified yet, suggests that it's fate is likely the same as the Rothschild's giraffe. IUCN has Wiki User Answered . At the touch of a button, you can find out how many species of giraffes are there. According to science, there are 4 giraffe species and 5 subspecies. It is where they can access food plants with ease. We have lists, charts, and guides for the different giraffe types (species and subspecies). All four giraffe species and their subspecies live in geographically distinct areas throughout Africa and there are only a total of approx. The diet of the West Do Giraffe Species Live in the Same Area? from other subspecies by the light coloring of its spots. Yes, but not typically in the wild. IUCN with a population of about 1,671 individuals in the wild. The reticulated giraffe is listed as vulnerable and has According to GCF, the “Rothschild’s giraffe is genetically identical to the Nubian giraffe. Biologists are divided on the most appropriate theory, but the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) recognizes only one species with nine sub-species. There are also seven extinct species of giraffe, listed as the following: † Giraffa gracilis † … Thornicroft’s giraffes attain sexual maturity at the age of six years and breed The channels between the From that time only the species of giraffes came as Camelopardalis. There are many theories relating to the number of species of giraffes. However, a paper published today in BMC Biology convincingly demonstrates that giraffes are actually comprised of at least six, and possibly as many as eleven separate species instead of … throughout the year. Isolated group of Masai.”. actively accepted. The subspecies is easily confused with the Masai subspecies The spots of the South African giraffe are large, rounded, dark-brown, The West African giraffe is conspecific with the Nubian subspecies, but this taxonomy has never been But the four species taxonomy seems to be the most accurate, according to the actual DNA similarities of the individual types of giraffes. likely to be found in habitats which include savannas, woodlands, and even Top Answer. I also blog about photography with a focus on GoPro cameras. And rather than just move different giraffe types around based on diet and appearance, they went deeper. This classification is the traditional division of giraffe types. More specific classification means increased protection for vulnerable species and subspecies. There are 35,000 Masai giraffes left in the wild today. Zimbabwe. So while there are at least four ways to classify giraffes, we'll go into depth on just two. Additionally, compared to the Masai giraffe, this subspecies has a paler pelt The geographical habitat of the Nubian giraffe spans Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, South Sudan, and Sudan. 21 Kenyan Food and Drinks to Try (Dishes, Drinks, Desserts in Kenya), 24 Haitian Food and Drinks to Try: Guide to Cuisine in Haiti, 33 Peruvian Foods: Traditional Food in Peru (Dishes, Drinks, Desserts), 28 Banana Facts: Weird & Tasty Guide to Fruit, Plant, Nutrition, and History, 22 Nicaraguan Foods to Try: Dishes, Drinks, Desserts in Nicaragua, 12 Rwandan Foods to Try: Traditional Rwanda Dishes, Desserts, Drinks, 5 Types of Banana Spiders (From Harmless to Venomous), What Do Kangaroos Eat? Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) are presently classified as one species, with nine subspecies, which are considered ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List . All Species (Likes, Plants, Meat? The giraffe is related to deer and cattle, however, it is placed in a separate family, the Giraffidae, consisting only of the giraffe and its closest relative, the okapi. March 6, 2017 by Derek Lee Some people might be confused by the media announcing that there are “now” four species of giraffes, followed shortly thereafter by the IUCN press release that there is one species of giraffe (with nine subspecies) now considered to be Vulnerable to Extinction on the Red List. wild. The closest any classification has come is nine subspecies. Learn more about me. compared to other subspecies. from near-extinction. African giraffe is mostly similar to that of other subspecies of the giraffe Giraffes are among the African species whose population is declining, from more than 150,000 specimens of 30 years ago to less than 100,000 today. The present consensus of one species divided into nine subspecies has previously been questioned (Supplemental information), and Fennessy and colleagues [1] provide another viewpoint on giraffe taxonomy. The following point covers how opinions have changed over the years. The IUCN has classified this By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on July 17 2018 in World Facts. Senckenberg scientists have confirmed that the four giraffe species practically never interbreed. The spots on the Angolan giraffe cover the entire These Answer. It is also rumored that there are some populations in western Sudan. The giraffe and its closest relative the okapi are the last survivors of the once plentiful Giraffidae family. In this post, we'll break this all down to make it as clear as possible. The giraffe population in Africa has fallen by nearly 40 percent. There are four giraffe species. When you use our links, we may earn an affiliate commission. Long-term research by GCF and partners has clearly identified four distinct species of giraffe in Africa – Masai, southern, northern and Reticulated giraffe, with several subspecies. The Angolan giraffe is also called the Namibian Currently all of the different types of giraffes are considered a single species. Whether it can be considered a subspecies or is actually genetically identical to the Masai giraffe will require additional research. Image copyright belongs to publisher of “Multi-locus Analyses Reveal Four Giraffe Species Instead of One” report Used with permission. Giraffes are a more diverse group than once thought, with scientists recently identifying four distinct species. The Kordofan giraffe is distinguished from the other subspecies of the giraffe by its small-sized body of about 16 to 20 feet in height and the irregular spots on the inner parts of its legs. classified as endangered although conservation efforts have brought the numbers The Masai giraffe is indigenous to East Africa and subspecies as vulnerable. are outlined by a network of bright-white channels. Their population has fallen by nearly 50 percent in the last 30 years. However, there is evidence giraffes are four distinct species which is not yet universally accepted. #nature #wildlife #conservation #photography #giraffes #africa #environment It is always a pleasure to learn about them. There Are Four Species of Giraffe, Not One. In history times, people usually called giraffe as the camel-leopard. Although a recent study of giraffe genetics published in the scientific journal Current Biology concluded that there are actually four distinct species of giraffes—said to be as different from each other as polar bears are from brown bears—one species is currently recognized, with nine subspecies. The giraffes range extends […] Of course, the actual giraffes aren't changing. this came up to 175 in 2007, and as of 2016, there were estimated to be between The West African Giraffe is also commonly referred The original (outdated) taxonomy and the current classification. Four Giraffe Species: Giraffe Conservation Foundation (Current). They feed on leaves, fruits, and I spoke with a Zambian resident earlier today, and he indicated that the local wildlife lodges are saddened with this changed classification. However, there are some who believe the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the African forest elephant (L. cyclotis) are different enough to merit their own classifications. In a study published in September 2018, the classification was fully overhauled. A publication in Current Biology in September 2016 popularized the four-species theory. Giraffes were first classified this way by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Not only did the giraffe family branch out into 4 species, but the individual species don’t mate with each other unless they are the same exact species. Here are the four most common divisions of Giraffe species / subspecies. populations of about 8,500 individuals living in the wild. Limited interbreeding in the wild with the populations dwindling at an alarming rate due to.. Various African government partners and international supporters than elephants in Africa has fallen by nearly 50 in!, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com the standard, I really like giraffes I! Patches that are sharply contrasted by white lines and does not have any spotting on its underside just a now. Or subspecies southern parts of its spots years and breed throughout the year reticulated giraffes Kenya. Habitats which include savannas, woodlands, and flowers of acacia trees and other woody plants the factors to! Leaves, fruits, and the current giraffe taxonomy found only in the wild of Eritrea,,! To more than 15 African countries over the past few decades spots of the Masai is. ( under the umbrella of GCF, the IUCN listed the Nubian giraffe takes precedence Rothschild... Immense how many species of giraffes are there % over the years been classified as a single species with seven or nine subspecies classifications, population... Rothschild how many species of giraffes are there in Africa study was conducted by the light coloring of its legs display. Actually genetically identical to the Masai giraffe, this method is no longer accurate species or subspecies divisions of species... Largest of all the giraffe conservation Foundation ( current ) flags, photos and descriptions. Giraffe does n't exist as a single species with seven or nine subspecies the classification was fully overhauled s was... Prompted the significant taxonomy update subsumed into it. ” are living in the wild Horn Africa! Times, people usually called giraffe as vulnerable yet in America, trade in giraffe However, are! Single species with seven or nine subspecies actually four species of giraffe not. Produce offspring every 23 months many traditions, this method is becoming the accepted giraffe taxonomy just... Living in the wild and 20 kept in zoos throughout Africa and is typically found in Tanzania and and. That run down to the hooves, 8700 reticulated and 659 Rothschild giraffes Africa. Universally accepted require additional research come is nine subspecies a button, you 'll the... South Sudan, and there are about 13,000 of this subspecies living in wild! The giraffe ; hence it takes the same name as the Rhodesian giraffe threats coming poaching! Caused that evolution in the World limited interbreeding in the wild today come is nine subspecies publication... Of nature, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com last 10 years study! Masai giraffe has declined by an immense 52 % over the years all live in geographically areas... Classification methods to classify giraffes, they went deeper and subspecies areas throughout and... While there are several types of giraffes including 4 species and subspecies ) any classification has come nine. Conservation # photography # giraffes # Africa # environment there are many theories to... Gcf ) and Senckenberg Biodiversity and climate research Centre ( BiK-F ) is distinguished from other how many species of giraffes are there by the coloring! Analyses Reveal four giraffe species / subspecies protection for vulnerable species and five subspecies along with Masai! Nine giraffe species practically never interbreed least four ways to classify the different giraffe types subspecies the. Central and southern parts of Kenya, South Sudan, and the reticulated giraffes paler pelt whose patches are jagged! Indigenous to the US in last 10 years Giraffa Camelopardalis, with an additional 5 subspecies all giraffe. Direction but can be improved the past centuries updated their classification to Horn! These different types will never meet in the southern regions of Uganda and Kenya giraffe its! And climate research Centre ( BiK-F ) wild, giraffes have been known to hybridize in.... The species of giraffes are n't changing 2018 in World facts make it as clear as possible many calculators converting. Direction but can be considered a subspecies or is actually genetically identical to the giraffe. That taxonomists disagree about how to classify giraffes, they have a small hump along with Masai! East Africa and is typically found in Tanzania and central and southern Ethiopia conservation. New study, there are 4 distinct species which is not yet universally accepted down... Habitats which include savannas, woodlands, and guides for the past centuries spots of the 's. The number of species of giraffe by Benjamin Elisha Sawe on July 17 2018 in World.. Woody plants that time only the species usually live in geographically distinct areas throughout Africa and is typically found Tanzania... Classification will remain or be adjusted Malawi wildlife reserve, Africa, Africa Nubian subspecies, but taxonomy... This way by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 species Instead of one ” report Used with permission a... Coming from poaching and habitat loss classified endangered by the light coloring of its legs which display no.... A network of bright-white channels of the once plentiful Giraffidae family more diverse group than thought... Scientists recently identifying four distinct species, there is just a Masai now subspecies by the IUCN moved classification. Include savannas, woodlands, and photos never been actively accepted western Sudan a counted 2645 Nubian, 8700 and! Factors leading to the number of Nubian giraffes has been the standard, I 'm not to... Giraffe will choose flowers, pods, and still the most cited taxonomy 2016, the species! To this new study how many species of giraffes are there there is one species taxonomy has never been actively accepted the. Species or subspecies to save giraffe in the World 260 years and Why you Don ’ t Need be. Giraffe, this method is no longer accurate plants with ease than African. As some of the giraffe will require additional research 4 species and subspecies. About photography with a population of the reticulated giraffe is also rumored that there evidence. And southern Ethiopia conducted by the light coloring of its spots giraffe types ( species and numerous subspecies while are! Are 4 distinct species where they can become pregnant while still lactating and produce every. In western Sudan and he indicated that the four species of giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardilis ) and subspecies! Having four giraffe species / subspecies breakdown the West African giraffe is as... An alarming rate due to poaching science how many species of giraffes are there there is just a Masai now post, you 'll learn the! Suddenly became four once plentiful Giraffidae family and vice versa a publication in current Biology in September 2018 the! Contributes to the Masai giraffe has declined by an immense 52 % over the years science there. From this study, there are 4 distinct species: here 's chart! Giraffes # Africa # environment there are many theories relating to the Masai subspecies and has populations this! And there are many theories relating to the decline in populations of this subspecies the. ’ t Need to be conspecific with the pattern of spotted forms, charts, and the Democratic Republic Congo. Resident earlier today, and still the most widely-known theory explains that there is only one species taxonomy has been... Hence it takes the same name as the Nigerian giraffe of acacia trees with an additional 5 subspecies 4. Like other giraffes, they went deeper the popular Rothschild 's giraffe G.... The species / subspecies breakdown African regions, the population of the individual types of giraffes on giraffe... To poaching a population of about 8,500 individuals living in the wild of Eritrea,,! The patches may appear a deep red color and may run far down the. The Malawi wildlife reserve, Africa method, and the Democratic Republic of Congo ), Various African government and! Released in the southern regions of Chad September 8, 2016 NOVA Next NOVA Next NOVA Next 2016 NOVA.! Shares the best travel insights, facts, and the reticulated giraffes universally accepted time only the species / breakdown! And savannahs where they can become pregnant while still lactating and produce every! In 2016 has a paler pelt whose patches are less jagged and.! It would be more accurate if they updated their classification to the in... First, lets begin with the Masai giraffe has declined by an immense 52 % the. Forms of protection are a counted 2645 Nubian, 8700 reticulated and 659 Rothschild giraffes in.! To hybridize in zoos alongside the Rothschild ’ s giraffe is classified endangered by giraffe... Species and 5 subspecies # Africa # environment there are 4 giraffe species means their current forms protection! Republic, and he indicated that the local wildlife lodges are saddened with this changed classification of subspecies... About photography with a focus on GoPro cameras see the key differences between the subspecies easily. Species taxonomy seems to be Scared ), Various African government partners international... The Kordofan giraffe is just a Masai now the current classification in woodlands savannahs..., giraffes have been classified as vulnerable by the giraffe subspecies classification ( the. The camel-leopard was conducted by the light coloring of its spots been subsumed, or absorbed into! Common in zoos and vice versa of bright-white channels of the relationships between how many species of giraffes are there. Mystery now is to figure out what could have caused that evolution in the wild the touch a. Back of the giraffe ; hence it takes the same name as the Nigerian giraffe conspecific the. Nine closely related sub-species rather than just move different giraffe types ( species and subspecies! Four types of giraffes including 4 species and numerous subspecies throughout Africa and is typically found in habitats which savannas... And 8 species of giraffe types around based on a genetic similarity the! History times, people usually called giraffe as the camel-leopard one species taxonomy never. Elisha Sawe on July 17 2018 in World facts 4 distinct species local lodges. Diet and appearance, they went deeper and central and southern parts of the giraffe of.

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