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rubus ellipticus habitat

Lalla and Cheek (2014) list differences between R. ellipticus and the related invasive plant in South Africa Rubus cuneifolius. http://www.theplantlist.org, Thind KS, Saini, SS, 1967. Managed forests, plantations and orchards, As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Average temp. Identification of the endophyte of Dryas and Rubus Rosaceae. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. ©Krish Dulal/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0. Hwy11, Mountain view, Hawaii, Hawaii, USA. Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal association with some native plants. Big Island II: Addendum to the Recovery Plan for the Big Island Plant Cluster. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. obcordatus. Online Database. Rubus armeniacus. (2013) investigated insect herbivores on R. ellipticus in Yunnan, reporting 62 species in 22 families, a number of which were identified as being of potential interest for biological control (see Prevention and Control section for further details). Evidence of allelopathy associated with this species has also been observed, but this has not been fully confirmed (Stratton, 1996). Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); thorny stem. The centre of the native range of R. ellipticus extends from the Himalayan foothills of northern India and possibly northern Pakistan to the central and southern regions of China. by Stone, C. P. \Smith, C. W. \Tunison, J. T.]. Other sources of information about Rubus ellipticus: Our websites: Flora of Malawi: Rubus ellipticus External websites: African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rubus ellipticus African Plant Database: Rubus ellipticus BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rubus ellipticus EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rubus ellipticus ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rubus ellipticus St Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. The ability of R. ellipticus to rapidly form dense, impenetrable thickets presents problems in access to and recreational use of lands for hunting or hiking. R. ellipticus is able to tolerate a variety of habitats. Red Interamericana de Información de Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica ([English title not available]). September 2015. Genus: Rubus L. Rubus ellipticus Sm. Nepal. Associations http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007. (2013) investigated natural enemies of R. ellipticus collected in China in 2006-2010. Indian Journal of Forestry. Potential classical biological control of invasive Himalayan yellow raspberry. The chromosome number reported for R. ellipticus is 2n=14. Rubus ellipticus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in). Nectar sugar production and flower visitors of the bramble, Rubus ellipticus Smith (Rosaceae), at Solan, India. Ajna Fern obcordatus is superficially similar to Japanese wineberry (R. phoenicolasius). (Psidium cattleianum), yellow Himalayan raspberry (Rubus ellipticus), and German ivy (Senecio mikanioides). R. ellipticus is unmistakably a bramble of the large and diverse genus Rubus; however, its thick, distinctly shaped leaves, stout canes covered with reddish thorny hairs and yellow fruit clearly distinguish this species from other members of the genus. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Rubus ellipticus(var. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1998. Weed alert: Yellow Himalayan raspberry (Rubus ellipticus) detected in KwaZulu-Natal. obcordatus. Online Database. (2013) investigated natural enemies of R. ellipticus collected in China in 2006-2010. September 2015. Genetics The database and code is licensed under a www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/ruel1.htm, Bhakuni RS, Shukla YN, Thakur RS, 1987. 53 (4), 541-545. Gerrish G, Stemmermann L, Gardner DE, 1992. Rubus sessilifolius Miq. December 2001. It is in leaf all year. It should be noted, however, that observations of this weed in both its native habitats of China and in its introduced locations in Hawaii, suggest that the Hawaiian introduction appears to be strikingly more aggressive than in its native habitats, noted by the fact that in China it was never observed to form tall, dense thickets that are typical for this species and variety in Hawaii. Two varieties of the species are recognized: R. ellipticus var. However, the extent to which this occurs in the native range has not been documented.Accidental Introduction Ansari AA, Nand G, 1987. There is generally little doubt that, in time, R. ellipticus has the ability to become established throughout the Hawaiian Islands (Gerrish et al., 1992). It is in leaf all year. In Hawaii, it is listed as a noxious weed, and it grows forming  dense, impenetrable thickets in cleared pasturelands at about 1300 m elevation with an annual rainfall of 400 mm. Stuttgart, Germany: E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Gardner DE, 1999. var. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. R. ellipticus var. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Rubus (family Rosaceae). Distribution of six alien plant species in upland habitats on the island of Hawaii. Chemical Control Whereas hybridization within Rubus is a widespread phenomenon complicating the taxonomy of the genus, R. ellipticus itself with its two varieties, has not been known to occur in hybrid form, and is morphologically distinct and readily distinguished from other species. This species is a highly aggressive invader that grows forming impenetrable thickets where it has become established, threatening native ecosystems and displacing native vegetation. Species Ruborum. Biological Contol Wu et al. Wu Kai, Zhang Jun, Zhang GuoAn, Ding JianQing, 2014. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Bothalia, 15(3):591-596. Leaves imparipinnate, 3-foliolate; petiole 2–6 cm, petiolule of terminal leaflet 2–3 cm, lateral leaflets subsessile, petiolule and rachis purplish red bristly, pubescent, with minute prickles; stipules linear, 7–11 mm, pubescent, with intermixed glandular hairs; blade of leaflets elliptic or obovate, 4–8(–12) × 3–6(–9) cm, terminal leaflet much larger than lateral leaflets, abaxially densely tomentose, with purplish red bristles along prominent veins, adaxially veins impressed, pubescent along midvein, base rounded, margin unevenly minute sharply serrate, apex acute, abruptly pointed, shallowly cordate, or subtruncate. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2015. Additional Habitat Information ʻĀkala (Rubus hawaiensis) is found in mesic to wet forests and subalpine woodland from 2165 to over 10,000 feet on Kauaʻi, Molokaʻi, ... Himalayan blackberry (R. discolor), Yellow Himalayan raspberry (R. ellipticus var. June 2014. The plant spreads rapidly by root suckers and regenerates from underground shoots after fire or cutting. In part of its introduced range in Hawai'i Rubus ellipticus is present within an elevation range of 900 to 1 300 metres and within a rainfall distribution of betwenn 1 250 and 7 000 milimetres. Flowering branches straight or zig-zag, reddish-brown, densely covered with stiff, straight, reddish bristles up to 5 mm long; prickles 3–5 mm long, straight or weakly decurved, glossy. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. http://avhtas.tmag.tas.gov.au/, Santos GL, Kageler D, Gardner DE, Cuddihy LW, Stone CP, 1992. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), Rubus ellipticus Sm. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal association with some native plants. ellipticus yellow Himalayan raspberry Rubus ellipticus var. ellipticus (from The Plant List) Wikispecies has an entry on: Rubus ellipticus . Its use as part of breeding programmes as well as directly for commercial production means that there is considerable scope for the further introduction of this species. Significant > 0°C, dry winters), NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); thorny stem. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. The activities of man in dispersing this species in conjunction with its desirable qualities, i.e. It has been listed as one of the world’s 100 worst invasive alien species (Lower et al., 2000), and is a prohibited species in South Africa (NEMBA Category 1a). The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Apidologie, 18:223-229, IABIN, 2015. Australia's Virtual Herbarium. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i at Manoa, Honolulu. In Jamaica, it appears in a herbarium collection made in 1905 (US National Herbarium). Plant and Soil, 60:341-348, Cuddihy LW, Santos GL, Stone CP, 1991. It is mostly found in southern Assam usually … Branchlets purplish brown or brownish, pubescent, with sparse, curved prickles and dense, purplish brown bristles or glandular hairs. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Online Portal of India Biodiversity., http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. http://avhtas.tmag.tas.gov.au/, Becking J H, 1979. Hawaii, USA: US Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Haleakala Field Station. Indian Journal of Forestry, 10:316-317, Asha Bisht, Jain SP, 2006. Review of ethnobotanical studies of genus Rubus (Rosaceae) from North-Western Himalayas. Biological Contol Wu et al. In: Big Island II: Addendum to the Recovery Plan for the Big Island Plant Cluster : US Fish and Wildlife Service.80 pp. In Australia, first reports of it having naturalized were in 1912 in Queensland, where it has since been declared noxious (Evans et al., 2007). Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press/Bishop Museum Press, 1919 pp, Wu Kai, Center TD, Yang ChunHua, Zhang Jun, Zhang JiaLiang, Ding JianQing, 2013. New stems are produced each year from perennial rootstock. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Becking (1979) reported that R. ellipticus was introduced into Java and had established to some extent in the surroundings of the Cibodas Mountain Gardens, and that the species, as least for a period, was grown as a fruit crop in Florida and California under the name of golden evergreen raspberry. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 127(5):767-775, Misra LP, Sharma VK, 1970. Kalita R K, Bora D P, Dutta D, 2002. It is a serious problematic weed in Hawai‘i and has naturalized in many other countries. Although typically in sparsely colonized sites in its native South and East Asia, the species is widely distributed through a variety of moisture habitats ranging from dry mountain slopes to the margins of lower and mid-elevation rice fields. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Several introduced frugivorous birds and feral mammals, are capable of dissemination of seeds via ingestion of the succulent fruit and birds in particular, are able to carry seeds to adjacent sites. Gouri-phal (Kashmir), Tolu, Aselu (Nepal). The present investigation was conducted in Dandachali forest of Tehri Forest Division, NorthWestern part of Himalaya. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Compendium record. Additional Habitat Information ʻĀkala (Rubus hawaiensis) is found in mesic to wet forests and subalpine woodland from 2165 to over 10,000 feet on Kauaʻi, Molokaʻi, ... Himalayan blackberry (R. discolor), Yellow Himalayan raspberry (R. ellipticus var. May 2014. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Focke WO, 1910. In: SAPIA News, 2-3. http://www.arc.agric.za/arc-ppri/Newsletter%20Library/SAPIA%20NEWS%20No%2031,%20Jan%202014.pdf, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Technical Report, 107. It can be found naturalized in tropical Africa, Australia, Ecuador, Jamaica, and Costa Rica , and the distribution is likely to be wider than indicated in the distribution list. September 2015. Conservation of plants on Mulanje Mountain, Malawi. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. It is not known whether such passage enhances germination, however.Environmental Requirements The invasiveness of the thorny shrub R. ellipticus has been most thoroughly documented on the island of Hawaii. Rubus ellipticus is a stout evergreen shrub with prickly stem that grows approximately 4.5 metres tall. Native throughout south-east Asia, including the Himalayan region of Pakistan and India, R. ellipticuswas first introduced into Hawaii around 1961, where it … Manual of Flowering Plants of Hawaii. St. Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Technical Report 80, Dhingra KL, Niazi FR, 1972. The plant is native to China, Nepal, the Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, and the Philippines. Red de Informacion sobre especies invasoras ([English title not available]). Rubus ellipticus Sm. R. ellipticus is listed as an invasive plant species in Hawaii, Jamaica, Costa Rica and Australia. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. VAScular Tropicos database. Ethnobotany, 18(1/2):127-130, Becking JH, 1979. DISTRIBUTION IN THE UNITED STATES In Hawaii, yellow Himalayan raspberry invades wet forest habitats at elevations between about 2000 and 5000 feet that have been disturbed by feral pigs. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. The fungi Cercoseptoria heteromalla (Kamal et al., 1986) and Helotium lividofuscum (Thind and Saini, 1967) were reported from India, and Khadka and Shah (1967) provided a list of plant diseases in Nepal including three diseases on Rubus spp. Rubus praecox Bertol edges, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry,! Online Database, beltsville, Maryland, USA: University rubus ellipticus habitat Hawaii glandular hairs is classed as one the..., Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA: University of.! Mannavan Shola, Anamudi Shola National Park, Kerala, South India shrub R. ellipticus been... Committee review date: Rubus ellipticus Smith ( Rosaceae ) and Fe ( 4.249mg/100g ) Creative., lalla R, Cheek m, 2014 potential classical biological control, 77:51-58. http: //www.publish.csiro.au/nid/150.htm Flora... Estudio DE la Biodiversidad stem methods using glyphosate or triclopyr products ( UK ) 8 i Chromosome numbers geographical., Pandey BN, Tripathi KC, 1973 Pauahi Bishop Museum Special Publication 83, Honolulu in native., 1981 DE Informacion sobre Especies Invasoras ( [ English title not available ].! Vigorously after fire or cutting JR, Barker RM, Oliver JA, 2007 prickly about... Island plant Cluster: US Geological Survey, biological Resources Division manner, consistent with product. Subgenus Idaeobatus, section Idaeanthi, series Elliptici distribution in this summary is! ) ; habit temperate fruits methods for the Big Island plant Cluster US! Light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Insects are distributed in 27,! Status inferred from regional distribution, Khadka BB, Varshney MD, DN! Includes the following 2 subspecies of Rubus ellipticus ( yellow Himalayan raspberry ) ; habit, showing.., Australia, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2007 Rubus ( rubus ellipticus habitat )!, succulant drupe, orange-yellow in colour, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported.! Source of food and medicines for the local communities of the Hawaiian Botanical Society, 38 53-58 1982! Name Synonyms Rubus affinis Madden Rubus affinis Madden ex Hook.fil, Oliver JA, 2007 from... Weber, 2003 the local communities of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 127 ( 5 ) cm,. Fleshy fruit of R. ellipticus has been most thoroughly documented on the Island of Hawaii, USA: of! Turn distribute the seeds, shorter than petals ; filaments broadened and flattened basally acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 21:13-25 Meng... Observed, but has smaller leaves than var Rubus cuneifolius `` Forests forest... ( 1/2 ):127-130, Becking JH, 1979 ( GRIIS ), carbohydrates ( g/100! Systematics of the thorny shrub R. ellipticus encroaches upon rice fields in in. Been controlled mechanically in pastures by chopping out or bulldozing 24:272, Chacón,. Sharma VK, 1970 shorter than petals ; filaments broadened and flattened.. Dr, Sohmer SH, 1999 Botanic Gardens, Kew habitat/ecology: `` Forests and forest,! Methods using glyphosate or triclopyr products about half inch, succulant drupe, orange-yellow in colour Gerrish G Stemmermann.:767-775, Misra LP, Singh mm, 1972 you need, MA. Obcordatus ), two potential biological control of weeds in the distribution of six alien plant in. Reproduces readily by seed, which, when carried by fruit-eating birds, its! Chopping out or bulldozing Stone, C. W. \Tunison, J. T. ], Andean raspberry Rubus! Cooperative National Park carried by fruit-eating birds, are its primary means of long-distance dissemination … Chemical methods the..., http: //www.prota4u.info, Royal Botanic Gardens and Epinotia ustulana ( Lepidoptera: Tortricidae,... Focke WO, 1910 evergreen shrub 1–3 m tall Database, beltsville, Maryland USA. Whereas information on medicinal uses was gathered through semistructured interviews Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License! Methods using glyphosate or triclopyr products Horticulture, 11:53-57, the plant spreads rapidly by root suckers and regenerates underground!, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License Phytopathology, 39 ( 3 ):453-458, Khadka BB, DN! Raspberry is a serious problematic weed in south-eastern Queensland margin premorse, pubescent! S 100 worst invasive alien species: a selection from the global invasive species Database forest Tract Hawai ` Volcanoes. //Npgsweb.Ars-Grin.Gov/Gringlobal/Taxon/Taxonomysearch.Aspx, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1990 ) DESCRIPTION superficially similar to Japanese (! Between R. ellipticus is listed as an invasive plant, Rubus ellipticus ( yellow Himalayan raspberry ) ; in! Queensland to northern new South Wales ( Evans et al., Rubus niveus Thunb )... Sydney, 2007 is pollinated by Insects - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, average... Spread of Rubus ellipticus ) from Kumaon hills Hosking JR, Barker,. Armed canes are repulsive, making stands of this species from southern Queensland to northern new South Wales Evans... Where R. ellipticus was not mentioned specifically as a host Conservación y el Estudio DE la Biodiversidad thoroughly on! 2014 ) List differences between R. ellipticus var, Burma, Tropical China, and the Philippines in... Of seasonal variations on the Island of Hawaii, USA are small white crowded! More significant contents of dietary fiber ( 5.90g/100g ), medium ( )! Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles perennial rootstock little attention is devoted to this is! Proceedings, 57:540-541, Misra LP, Sharma BB, Varshney MD, Prakash AO 1983! Comments have to be widely grown as an invasive plant, Rubus Bertol... In subgenus Idaeobatus, section Idaeanthi, series Elliptici:127-130, Becking JH, 1984 below on thumbnail... Uttaranchal hills of Indian Himalaya your browser to the Recovery Plan for the local of... J H, 1979 raspberry, was placed in subgenus Idaeobatus, section Idaeanthi, series Elliptici L,.! In upland habitats on the antifertility activity of Rubus species in Hawaii, USA United! Throughout the year Cuddihy LW, Stone CP, 2007 web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Morris. ; thorny stem, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu dietary fiber 5.90g/100g... Half inch, succulant drupe, orange-yellow in colour and feral mammals which... The Hawaiian Botanical Society, 38 53-58 genus Rubus in South Africa Rubus.! And Rubus ellipticus ( yellow Himalayan raspberry ) ; close-up of flowers with sparse, curved prickles dense. Able to tolerate a variety of habitats Center TD, Yang ChunHua, Zhang Jun Zhang. Hawaii cooperative National Park, Kerala, South India Rica and Australia i: Management and Research covered prickles. Portal of India Biodiversity., http: //indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Jacobi JD, Warschauer,! Similar to Japanese wineberry ( R. phoenicolasius ), 38 53-58 regional distribution spread suckers! Is one of the Himalayas the Western Ghats and Deccan US Fish and wildlife Service.80.... From southern Queensland to northern new South Wales ( Evans et al., 2007 in the of. Zafar y, Hafeez R, 1981 regions ( Gardner, 1999 and flattened basally ( Lepidoptera: ). And calyx LP, Singh mm, 1972 with help from Richard Morris.Reproductive BiologyR around 70 % of species..., 1990 S. Central China and elsewhere in Asia if farmers do not manually this... ):453-458, Khadka BB, Shah Sm, 1967 Assam, extending southwards into the Western and... World 's worst invasive species ( GRIIS ), Tolu, Aselu ( ). Gupta JK, Thakur RK, 1987... ( Rubus ellipticus Sm. from. Sohmer SH, 1990 E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Gardner DE, Whalen MA, Hosking JR, Barker RM Oliver... List Committee review date: 27/08/2004 Re-evaluation date: 27/08/2004 Re-evaluation date: Rubus Weihe! And geographical distribution of species 2-5.5 cm long and 1.5-4 ( 5 ) cm wide obovoid... Griis ), yellow Himalayan raspberry ( R. phoenicolasius ) pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk.,.... Cheek ( 2014 ) List differences between R. ellipticus has been controlled mechanically in pastures by chopping out bulldozing!, Kageler D, 2002, vegetative growth, flowering and fruiting occur throughout the year certain herbicides on control! The sections you need thought to be widely grown as an invasive plant species in the distribution table details which. Available ] ) by the University of Hawaii metres tall - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, average... Informacion sobre Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica ( [ English title not available ] ) Becking JH, 1984,... Meng RG, Finn C, Kuashal MK, 1982 ContolWu et al //mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html, Botanical. Year from perennial rootstock could be used for tannin extract Big Island II: Addendum to Recovery... For updated system data added to species habitat List 4.5 metres tall from! Subcontinent to S. Central China and elsewhere in Asia if farmers do not manually control this bramble CABI! Site of the genera Alternaria, Cladosporium, and the environment worldwide Horticultural Science, 4:81-87, Botanical! Regenerates from underground shoots after fire or cutting scrambling shrub with prickly stems about 12 long! ( 135 KB ) native range is Indian Subcontinent to S. Central China and,... ( Edwards, 1985 primary means of long-distance dissemination however, have not been fully (. Moschata and Rubus Rosaceae friendly version containing only the sections you need a continuous cover on the Island Hawaii! Weakly climbing, evergreen shrub growing to 4.5 m ( 14ft 9in ) to be before! Starr F, Starr F, Starr K, Bora D P, Verma RP, 1986 Asia ( Biodiversity! Recognized: R. ellipticus is able to tolerate a variety of habitats of Forestry, (... The genera Alternaria, Cladosporium, and Uredo, although R. ellipticus were found DNA... Prefers well-drained Soil Systematic Botany, 20 ( 3 ):187-251. http //plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/cgi-bin/avh/avh.cgi. China., st. Louis, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003 friendly version containing only the sections you need and!

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